Leading technology trends in the IoMT space
The Internet of Military Things (IoMT) are interconnected entities that can carry out multiple military and security tasks or missions. Currently in its early stages, the IoMT space features leading companies from fields such as the command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, autonomy, surveillance and reconnaissance sectors, according to GlobalData.
‘Internet of Military Things – Thematic research’, report reveals that Northrop Grumman, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Thales, BAE Systems, L3 Harris Technologies, Leonardo DRS and Airbus are leading companies in the IoMT space.
Below are some of the key technology trends that are expected to impact the IoMT sector over the next 12 to 24 months, as identified by GlobalData -
AI and analytics
Defence/security-related artificial intelligence (AI) mainly comes in the form of open-source intelligence (OSINT), logistics, support and maintenance, as well as battlefield intelligence. With around 80% of the information available on the internet, other media sources and social networks, analysis has relied on expert systems.
Big data analytics can scan through a larger volume of data and reduce associated noise using AI technologies such as machine learning. Predictive or condition-based maintenance can reduce costs and increase the availability of platforms.
Battlefield intelligence IoMT is expected to maintain a human-centric or man-in-the-loop approach due to its nature - especially when it comes to operations in civilian areas. This is especially pertinent for the security domain, where unmanned systems with AI technology could eventually carry out their missions near civilians and civilian assets.
Using electro-optical/infrared (EO/IR) sensors such as radar, sonar, motion and sound detectors allow phased-array radars to multi-task, simultaneously collecting intelligence in the land, maritime or air domains without losing range coverage or accuracy. Moreover, subcomponent technology allows those sensors to be manufactured in miniature, allowing their integration in a multitude of platforms.
Health monitoring systems
In the last few years, the defence industry has been developing highly technological sensors that are able to monitor a system’s health status. These tools do more than simply alert the operator of a platform to a malfunction. They combine sensor input and data analytics to offer predictive analytics data for failures or malfunctions long before they appear.
Processors and transmitters
Considering that IoMT is based on the existence of a safe, secure and capable network, powerful processors will remain a core component for processing big data at a fast pace. Moreover, with data being transmitted wirelessly through radio communication systems, transmitters need to be capable of transmitting larger volumes of data further and faster.
The defence industry is working on a variety of solutions to tackle the technical issues related to the storage of large volumes of data. Many private companies, including Amazon, are offering storage solutions to government users such as the US Department of Defense (DoD). However, a data storage capability for combat operations will have to comply with many technical specifications and would probably have to be separate from purely COTS solutions.
Security presents one of the most critical obstacles to IoT deployment. Suppliers have met obstacles when going beyond their traditional domains. For example, operators’ IoT security offers have mostly been in regards to device authentication and network reliability. Breaches can occur at a device, network, app, storage, or data level.
For example - Amazon, Google, Microsoft, Alibaba and IBM are vying with each other to provide the cloud infrastructure that will connect and run the world’s connected things. AT&T has joined the IoT Cybersecurity Alliance, working with IBM, Nokia, Palo Alto Networks, Symantec and Trustonic to offer end-to-end solutions. Leaders in unified threat management are Check Point Software, FireEye, Fortinet, Mimecast and Palo Alto Networks. Major IT vendors such as Cisco, IBM, Dell and HPE also offer compelling IoT security solutions.