Stricter Government Norms for Battery Recycling by Various Nations Drive the Market
Batteries are made from a variety of chemicals and some of these chemicals, such as nickel and cadmium, are extremely toxic and can cause damage to humans and the environment. In particular, they can cause soil and water pollution and endanger wildlife. For example, cadmium can cause damage to soil microorganisms and affect the breakdown of organic matter. This has forced governments in many countries to come up with stringent norms regarding battery recycling and management in order to control environmental hazards. Different countries have different norms. For instance, the United States has The Universal Waste Rule and The Mercury-containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act (The Battery Act). More than 20 states in the United States have state recycling requirements in effect and around eight states have mandated battery producers to offer or fund battery recycling.
The Universal Waste Rule: The US Environmental Protection Agency’s regulations prohibit companies, handlers, or contractors from disposing batteries. They further promote the collection and recycling of universal waste (including batteries, pesticides, mercury-containing equipment, and mercury lamps).
The Mercury-containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act (The Battery Act): This act was implemented by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the State Department of Environmental Quality Agency, to reduce the amount of hazardous substances released into the environment from used batteries, by phasing out the use of mercury-containing batteries and recycling nickel cadmium, small sealed lead-acid batteries, and others.
Europe to Dominate the Market
Europe dominates the global battery recycling market, due to stringent environmental norms, like EU's batteries directive, which is focused on the adequate disposal and recycling of batteries. These norms are expected to drive the market’s growth. Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and Italy, are the major contributors to the European segment. According to the European Commission, this directive intends to contribute to the protection, preservation, and improvement of the quality of the environment, by minimizing the negative impact of waste batteries and accumulators. The directive was initiated to deal with approximately 800,000 metric ton of automotive batteries, 190,000 metric ton of industrial batteries, and 160,000 metric ton of consumer batteries sold in the European Union annually.
United Kingdom Becoming Self-Sufficient in Battery Recycling
In 2017, resource efficiency specialist, Ecosurety, and reuse and recycling solutions firm, Belmont Trading UK, partnered to develop the United Kingdom’s first battery recycling facility. This is expected enable the country to become self-sufficient in battery recycling as it leaves the European Union. The United Kingdom currently has to ship batteries to Europe for recycling. The new plant near Glasgow has the potential to lower the country’s waste export bill considerably by possibly halting this process.
Key Developments in the Market
• January 2018: Call2Recycle, North America's first and largest consumer battery stewardship and recycling program, reported that its partners, stewards, and collection sites recycled nearly 6.3 million kilograms (14 million pounds) of batteries throughout Canada and the United States in 2017. These results contribute to Call2Recycle's mission of keeping batteries out of landfills. To date, the program has recycled 65 million kilograms (144 million pounds) of batteries.
• February 2017: Johnson Controls and Aqua Metals signed break-through battery recycling technology partnership. Under the agreement, Johnson Controls will:
o Become the first licensee for AquaRefining technology
o Supply Aqua Metals with batteries to recycle as a service, as part of the Johnson Controls closed-loop network
o Purchase AquaRefined metals produced from Aqua Metals' facilities
o Acquire just under 5% of Aqua Metals outstanding shares
MAJOR PLAYERS: ACCUREC RECYCLING GMBH, AQUA METALS Inc., BATTERY SOLUTIONS Inc., CALL2RECYCLE Inc., VINTON BATTERIES LIMITED, UMICORE SA, GRAVITA INDIA LIMITED, RECUPYL SAS, JOHNSON CONTROLS Inc., amongst others
Reasons to Purchase This Report
• Identify the drivers, restraints, and opportunities possessed by the global battery recycling market, with in-depth analysis.
• Analyze the various perspectives of the market with the help of Porter’s five forces analysis.
• Identify the most dominating type of battery recycled with market estimate forecast.
• Identify the largest, fastest-growing, and significant regions during the forecast period, with in-depth analysis.
• Identify the latest developments, market shares, and strategies employed by major market players.
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